It was Iran that attacked Saudi oil plants last year: UN report to the Security Council

Now it is also official for the United Nations: it was Iran, last year, that attacked the refineries in Saudi territory with its missiles. These conclusions reach a classified UN classified report and sent, after being signed by Secretary General Guterres, to the Security Council. To view the report exclusively, and to report it publicly, Bloomberg last Friday.

As noted, Iranian missiles struck the Afif plant, one of the most important in the country, in May 2019, causing considerable damage. Initially, the Houthi rebels claimed responsibility for the attack, but it was immediately understood that it was something greater than their capabilities. International investigators were able to analyze the debris of the attack on Afif with those of other attacks that had previously taken place against Saudi territory, finding matches with the Iranian drone Shahed 783 , presented for the first time in a military parade in the Islamic Republic organized in May 2014.

The UN conclusions come precisely in the months in which the White House is engaged in an important diplomatic campaign to renew the UN embargo on the sale of weapons to Iran. Embargo which, according to resolution 2231, will expire on 18 October 2020. According to China and Russia, the United States would no longer have the right to speak on the matter, because they made the decision to withdraw from the JCPOA. Unfortunately, according to international media, this thesis was also espoused by Josep Borrell , EU High Representative for foreign and security policy. If confirmed, it would be a short-sighted and dramatically dangerous position, for at least a couple of reasons: the first is that the American withdrawal from the JCPOA is the result of the partiality of the agreement on the nuclear program, which did not include issues that later proved strategic in relations with Tehran (such as the missile program and the destabilizing role of the Islamic Republic in the region).

Second, because preventing the sale of arms to Iran from being liberalized again is a guarantee of security not only for regional stability in the Middle East, but also for Europe and the whole world. Just look at what Iran has done since 1980 onwards in countries such as Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Yemen, or in areas such as the Gaza Strip, and the threat it poses to international trade in the Strait of Hormuz. Without considering terrorism exported by the Iranian regime outside the Middle East region, especially in Latin America and Europe.

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This is a machine translation from Italian language of a post published on Atlantico Quotidiano at the URL on Mon, 15 Jun 2020 04:04:00 +0000.