France post lockdown according to Libération
For eight weeks France has been confined, practically closed. For the past month, the course of our lives has been gradually resuming. Travel, work, health, has everything really returned to "normal"? After taking stock of eight weeks of containment and then taking stock of the health of the first month of deconfinition, Liberation analyzes other indicators of deconfinition.
NOW BY BIKE
Among the major changes expected after the confinement is the use of the bicycle, a vehicle in line with the physical distance compared to public transport, with numbers increasing everywhere in France. In addition, the government has announced the introduction of a 50 euro incentive to repair its bicycle, thus bringing the total amount of aid to 60 million euro. In addition, many cities have set up temporary cycle paths to allow everyone to move safely (and about twenty municipalities, such as Marseille, have already removed some of these "coronapiste").
To measure the success of bicycles, the association "Vélos et Territoires" has set up a temporary observatory on cycling and deconfining based on 182 representative counters set up in various locations in France. In his first bulletin, published on May 20, he explains that in the week from 11 to 17 May, the average number of bicycle rides was 44% higher (especially on weekends) compared to the period prior to confinement. "The big winners of this first week of demarcation are the peripheral (+ 138%) and rural (+ 197%) areas", adds the note, adding however that the volumes in question are much lower than in the countryside.
In Paris, where several detectors are installed, between February 8 and June 8, 252,000 cyclists were detected. The increase is evident since the average number of rides in February was 42 bicycles, 54.5 in May and 75.5 in early June.
Already highlighted on March 12 by Emmanuel Macron , the mechanism of partial cassaintegration has been requested by over a million businesses. According to data from the Ministry of Labor, between March 1st and June 9th, 13.3 million employees were affected by a preliminary request for partial activity which could later become a request for support. 46% of cases concern structures with less than 50 employees and 34% companies with more than 250 employees. The figures are still subject to upward or downward revision as businesses have a one-year deadline for submitting an application for compensation. Numerous alarms have been raised about possible abuse of this system by some companies.
As for the number of unemployed unemployed (category A), the month of April has seen an increase never seen since 1996: +843,000 people, reaching 4.575 million unemployed. This represents an increase of 22.6%. As we explained at the time of the publication of the data, "this sharp increase is mainly due to the sharp drop in work in reduced activity, which usually acts as a shock absorber and which, on the contrary, was severely reduced with confinement", people in job seekers previously registered in reduced activity (B and C) were therefore transferred to category A during confinement.
In total, the number of employees in categories A, B and C increased by 209,300 units, equal to 3.6%, which represents "the highest monthly increase ever recorded". For the first time, the six million unemployed have been reached and the young people have been hit hard. In April, another 149,800 people under the age of 25 had no activity in the past month, an increase of 29.4%.
Registrations to the employment office, on the other hand, are decreasing compared to the same period of 2019, mainly due to "the low number of exits observed during the confinement". The first sign of declining, however, is that enrollment of jobseekers in training courses is on the rise again, reports the Ministry.
The employment situation may not improve in the coming weeks, also due to the massive social plans that are looming on the horizon.
The month of April, in full lockdown, holds the record of the lowest deaths on the roads, with 102 deaths in France. In May 2020 compared to May 2019, the decrease is only 15% despite the fact that containment remained in place for a third of the time and telework was encouraged.
To make another comparison, the month of March was characterized by a drop of almost 40% of deaths compared to the previous year. The decrease in accidents (-34%) is greater than the decrease in deaths.
Although the death toll reached an all-time low in May with 2,962 victims, cyclists (+ 7%) and especially motorcyclists (+ 21%) are the only users to have registered more deaths than the previous year.
DIFFICULTY AIR TRAFFIC
While cycling is going strong on the ground, aviation is going through a period of great turbulence. The French government, which announced the reopening of borders in many Schengen countries on June 14, did not hesitate to put their hands in their pockets by granting 15 billion loans for the aviation sector. The condition? To increase efforts to reduce emissions that environmental associations still consider insufficient.
Closed since late March, Orly airport, which only received medical or government flights during the lockdown, will only resume normal operations on June 26. It usually handles around 200 flights per day and around 30 million passengers per year. Its reopening, initially announced in September, has been brought forward.
At Roissy-Charles-de-Gaulle, the main French airport with over 70 million passengers per year, traffic dropped from almost 500 daily flights to less than 30, before reaching about 50 at the end of May.
(Excerpt from the international press review by Epr Comunicazione)
This is a machine translation from Italian language of a post published on Start Magazine at the URL https://www.startmag.it/mondo/tutti-i-veri-effetti-del-lockdown-in-francia/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=tutti-i-veri-effetti-del-lockdown-in-francia on Sat, 20 Jun 2020 08:10:07 +0000.