Eni, what Italy will do in the Gulf of Guinea

Eni, what Italy will do in the Gulf of Guinea

Among the new international missions of Italy there is also one in the Gulf of Guinea to protect, among other things, the extraction activities of Eni. What is read in the resolution of the Council of Ministers

A surprise arises in the reports approved by the recent Council of Ministers relating to the ongoing international missions and the new ones that have been communicated to the Presidency of the Senate and assigned to the Foreign and Defense Commissions for the start of the necessary debate.

It is a mission in the Gulf of Guinea, in the waters of the Atlantic Ocean between Nigeria, Ghana and Ivory Coast: a real novelty for our armed forces, presented in the document as "use of a national air-naval device for activities presence, surveillance and security ".

In the fact sheet on the mission, it is explained how the area is literally infested with piracy, which "seriously compromised international commercial traffic and inflicted heavy economic costs on the region".

But it is also explained that in the region there are the two major African oil producers, namely Nigeria and Angola, from which the need to protect the oil companies operating there, including Eni, whose need to protect them is expressly preached. "Mining activities".

"In this context – the report still states – a national device for presence, surveillance and security activities in the Gulf of Guinea will be deployed (with the aim) to protect the national strategic interests in the area ( Naval Diplomacy ), supporting the national merchant ship in transit ".

The mission, if approved, will have a budget of 9 million euros, will end at the end of the year and will provide for the deployment of two naval units, two air vehicles and 600 men, with an average theater capacity of about 65 units.




The Mediterranean, the Middle East, the strategic area of ​​the Sahel and Iraq: these are the new theaters in which the Italian government intends to start in 2020 the participation of military personnel of the Armed Forces in missions and international operational commitments. This is what emerges from the documents relating to military missions abroad that "Agenzia Nova" has had the opportunity to examine. The examination of the documents should begin in parallel in the two Houses of Parliament in mid-June. For the performance of these missions, the government provides for an "overall maximum annual number of contingents of the Armed Forces employed in operational theaters equal to 1,125 units", while the average "is equal to 494 units". The financial needs "for the planned duration is equal to € 47,417,373", distributed for a sum of € 35,417,373 in 2020 and € 12 million in 2021. The new missions have different references: Irini and Euam Iraq will take place under the mandate of the European Union, while the Takuba Task Force is the result of an agreement between France and 13 other European countries, including Italy; finally there are the two NATO operations in the Gulf of Guinea and to guarantee the security of the so-called South flank of the Atlantic Alliance. Of fundamental importance for the stability of the Mediterranean and for the security of Italy is certainly the Eunavfor Med Irini mission, the EU operation that took over from Sophia has as a priority task the implementation of the arms embargo imposed by the UN to Libya by air, satellite and maritime means. The financial requirement for the planned duration of the Irini mission, currently due to expire on March 31, 2021, will be € 21 million, of which € 5 million for obligations due in 2021. As previously known, the operational command of the The operation will be based in Rome and Italy will participate, according to the documents, with a naval unit and three air vehicles, in addition to a maximum quota of 517 soldiers. In line with the mandate to increase the capacity to gather information on the activities of the Libyan coastguard and to combat oil and human trafficking, in synergy with the naval component, it is stated in the documents, the use of remotely piloted aircraft used for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) activities, P-72A patrols, as well as various satellite capabilities via the European Union Satellite Center (Eu Satcen) based in Madrid. Again within the EU, Italy intends to participate with military personnel in the EUAM Iraq mission. The headquarters of the operation command – an advisory mission to support the reform of the civil security sector in Iraq – will be located in Baghdad. "Conducted in the context of a situation that could deteriorate", as stated in the documents examined by "Nova", the mission involves the use of two units of military personnel and a need for the entire duration of the mandate, the first started January and which will expire on December 31, 2020, of 265,850 thousand euros. The objectives of the operation are "to provide advice and skills to the Iraqi authorities at a strategic level to identify and define the requirements necessary for the implementation of the reform envisaged under the Iraqi national security program", in addition to "assessing the possibility of a potential further commitment by the EU "to respond to the needs of the reform," by providing information and facilitating planning activities "; finally, "to assist the EU delegation in coordinating support for reform". EUAM will take place in coordination with the United Nations, in particular with the United Nations Development Program and with other actors on the ground, including NATO, the anti-Daesh coalition and the United States. The Task Force Takuba, a multinational force to counter the terrorist threat in the Sahel, is not coordinated by the EU but the result of cooperation between 14 European countries. Italy intends to participate with the aim of protecting national interests in a strategic area. The mission will take place in Mali, which will host the operational command in Ansongo, Niger and Burkina Faso. The primary objective of the mission "is to combat the terrorist threat in the Sahel" by carrying out "consultancy, assistance, training" activities in support of the local armed and special forces, with the aim of helping them to enhance their capabilities 'against terrorism, maintaining security; "And provide enablers for conducting operations to combat terrorism, in particular helicopter vehicles and personnel for medical evacuation". "The national arrangement provides for the use of air-ground structures to support operations", including 20 land vehicles and materials and eight air vehicles, for a maximum number of 200 personnel. The mission, whose mandate began on 1 January and will end on 31 December 2020, requires a financial requirement of 15,627,178 euros, of which 5 million euros for obligations due in 2021. As regards, however, the strengthening of NATO devices, the operation to guarantee security in the Gulf of Guinea will also take place in Africa. In this case, as stated in the documents, the Italian government intends to use an air and naval device for presence, surveillance and security activities in the geographical area of ​​interest of the mission which will include, in fact, the Gulf of Guinea , the Atlantic Ocean, Nigeria, Ghana and Ivory Coast. The use of the air-naval device responds "to the needs of preventing and combating piracy and armed robberies at sea" and aims to "ensure the protection of national strategic interests in the area, with particular reference to the waters facing Nigeria". The operation, in particular, will protect "Eni's extractive assets, operating in international waters"; will support "the national merchant ship in transit in the area"; will strengthen "cooperation, coordination and interoperability with Nigeria and the other coastal states"; and it will also guarantee "a non-continuous naval presence and surveillance, with naval diplomacy duties". The composition of the Italian assets involves the use of two naval vessels, two planes and a maximum of 400 military units. The operation, whose mandate began on January 1 and will end on December 31, 2020, will need a financial requirement of 9,810,838 euros, of which 2 million euros for bonds due in 2021.

This is a machine translation from Italian language of a post published on Start Magazine at the URL https://www.startmag.it/energia/eni-che-cosa-fara-litalia-nel-golfo-di-guinea/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=eni-che-cosa-fara-litalia-nel-golfo-di-guinea on Sun, 14 Jun 2020 06:45:19 +0000.